The Winter 2008 issue of the US National Academy of Science’s publication Issues in Science and Technology focuses on the developing world, and includes the following article outlining the potential benefits of open access to the scientific and medical literature for researchers (and others) in developing countries.
Matthew J. Cockerill and Bart G.J. Knols, Open Access to Research for the Developing World
The forum section includes further commentary on the benefits of open access from Mark Grabowsky,
Malaria Coordinator for the The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis
and Malaria and from Mark Walport, Director of the Wellcome Trust.